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PERCHE’ GLI ORDINI PROFESSIONALI ESISTONO

Il 13 Giugno scorso ho scritto un post dal titolo: A cosa servono gli ordini professionali. L’ho scritto di mio pugno. Oggi ne scrivo un altro citando ADAMO SMITH, l’ispiratore dell’Economia Moderna (1723-1790).

Riporto da La Ricchezza delle Nazioni(1773):

Tutte le corporazioni(oggi, ordini professionali) e la maggior parte delle leggi corporative sono state istituite per impedire la riduzione dei prezzi e conseguentemente dei salari e dei profitti attraverso la limitazione della libera concorrenza che avrebbe certissimamente agito in questo senso. Nei tempi andati, per istituire una corporazione in molte parti d’Europa non era richiesta altra autorità che quella della città in cui essa veniva istituita. Invero, in Inghilterra era richiesta anche una carta del re. Ma questa prerogativa della corona sembra fosse riservata piuttosto allo scopo di estorcere denaro pubblico per la difesa della comune libertà contro questi oppressivi monopoli.

Più avanti dice ancora: Il governo delle città a ordinamento corporativo era completamente nelle mani dei mercanti e degli artigiani; ed era interesse manifesto di ogni loro classe particolare impedire che il mercato fosse sovraccarico; il che in realtà significa tenerlo sempre scarsamente rifornito.

Ogni classe era sollecita a isitutire regolameni idonei a questo scopo e, purchè fosse permesso, consentiva che ogni altra classe facesse lo stesso. In verità, secondo questi regolamenti, ogni classe era costretta all’occorrenza ad acquistare le merci dalle altre classi cittadine ad un prezzo un poco più elevato di quello che diversamente sarebbe stato. Ma in compenso esse erano in grado di vendere le loro altrettanto più care; in questo modo, i loro vantaggi e svantaggi si compensavano; e nelle transazioni reciproche tra le differenti classi cittadine questi regolamenti non danneggiavano nessuno. Ma nelle transazioni con la campagna le classi cittadine avevano tutte un grande vantaggio”.

 

Annotazione: forse i singoli cittadini che acquistavano quelle merci e quei servizi si avvantaggiavano un po’ meno. Anzi. Più o meno come accade oggi in pieno 2010.

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